The Portuguese winemaking tradition goes back to Roman times, when Lusitania began exporting wine to the city of Rome. The modern wine-exporting industry began with the Methuen Treaty (1703), which stipulated that henceforth Portuguese wines would be favored as exports to Great Britain in the same way that British woolens imported to Portugal would have advantages. Portugal has the oldest appellation system in the world, which was established by the first minister of King José I, the Marquis of Pombal in 1758. In that year, Pombal ordered the demarcation of the wine producing region along the Douro River valley, the Região Demarcada do Douro, in order to assure the production of high quality port wines. During the reign of King Carlos I (1889-1908), the Vinho Verde, Dão, Colares, Carcavelos, Setúbal, and Madeira regions were demarcated, each of which has its own Comissão Vitivinicola to supervise the preparation and cultivation of the vineyards and to assure the quality of the wines produced.
   Portuguese wines are labeled Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC), which indicates that the wine is of superior quality from a specific vineyard; Indicação de Pronveniência Regulamentada (IPR), which indicates that wines so labeled were produced under some regulations in a certain demarcated region but are not DOC wines; Vinho Regional, which indicates that such wine was produced without regulation within a specific demarcated region; and Vinho de Mesa, which indicates only that the wine was made in Portugal by a certain producer.
   Portugal produces some of the world's top wines, the best of which are port, madeira, dão, moscatel, and vinho verde. Portugal's most widely known wines are its lightly sparkling rosés, which were successfully mass-marketed in the United States and Europe by Mateus and Lancers beginning in the 1960s. These wines accounted for 40 percent of Portugal's total table wine exports in the 1980s. Increasingly, Portuguese wines are winning international recognition, which has increased their popularity among wine lovers the world over.
   See also Agriculture.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wine — Basisdaten Entwickler Die Wine Autoren[1] Aktuel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WINE — WINE, fermented grape juice. (For wine in biblical times, see food .) Wine was a popular beverage in talmudic times. Produced in winepresses called bet ha gat (Tosef., Ter. 3:7), and stored in wine cellars called heftek or appotik (Av. Zar. 2:7) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WINE — Basisdaten Entwickler: Die Wine Autoren Aktuelle  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WINE — Wine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wine — Wine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wine — Wine, n. [OE. win, AS. win, fr. L. vinum (cf. Icel. v[=i]n; all from the Latin); akin to Gr. o i^nos, ?, and E. withy. Cf. {Vine}, {Vineyard}, {Vinous}, {Withy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a beverage or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wine — Pantalla de configuración de Wine …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wine.xo — Wine XO o Sugared Wine es la adaptación de Wine para Sugar. Wine es un conjunto de programas que permiten hacer funcionar en Linux programas hechos para Microsoft Windows. Firefox mostrando archivos del Diario (Journal) de la XO 1 Contenido 1 Ca …   Wikipedia Español

  • wine — (n.) O.E. win, from P.Gmc. *winam (Cf. O.S., O.Fris., O.H.G. win, O.N. vin, Du. wijn, Ger. Wein), an early borrowing from L. vinum wine, from PIE *win o , from an Italic noun related to words for wine in Gk. (oinos), Armenian, Hittite, and non… …   Etymology dictionary

  • wine — ► NOUN 1) an alcoholic drink made from fermented grape juice. 2) a fermented alcoholic drink made from other fruits or plants. ● good wine needs no bush Cf. ↑good wine needs no bush ● wine and dine Cf. ↑wine and dine …   English terms dictionary

  • wine — [wīn] n. [ME < OE win, akin to ON vin, Ger & Goth wein < early Gmc borrowing < L vinum, wine: see VINE] 1. the fermented juice of grapes, used as an alcoholic beverage and in cooking, religious ceremonies, etc.: wines vary in color (red …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.